The market demand of the machinery industry is sti

2022-06-23
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Machinery industry: the market demand is still depressed while maintaining stability

2018, under the complicated internal and external environment, the economic operation of the machinery industry is generally in a reasonable range, but it is slow and stable, and the growth rate has dropped month on month. The main indicators need attention. In 2018, under the complicated internal and external environment, the economic operation of the machinery industry was generally in a reasonable range, but there were slowdowns and declines in stability, and the growth rate fell month on month. The main indicators need attention

from the overall situation, first, the growth rate of added value increased month by month in the first half of the year and slowed down month by month in the second half of the year. From January to November 2018, the growth rate of added value of machinery industry slowed down from 8.4% in August to 6.6% year-on-year, higher than the growth rate of national industrial added value. The annual growth rate is expected to be about 6.5%

second, the output of main products increased year-on-year, but the types of year-on-year growth continued to decrease. Among the 120 key products monitored by the machinery industry from January to November 2018, 62 products had year-on-year growth in output, accounting for 51.67%, and 58 products had year-on-year decline, accounting for 48.34%

third, the economic benefits kept growing, but the growth rate dropped. From January to November 2018, the machinery industry realized a main business income of 19.73 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 7.11%; The total profit was 1.31 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 2.27%. Paolo ferraboli, director of the laboratory, said that our unique feature is that the rapid experiment and design achieved 2.4 and 8.37 percentage points, which were 2.01 and 9.58 percentage points lower than that of the national industry in the same period last year

fourth, the differentiation of main industries is obvious, and the decline of automobile is large. From January to November 2018, the automobile industry realized a total profit of 555.83 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 5.87%, a decrease of 11.9 percentage points over the same period of the previous year (6.04%), accounting for 42.39% of the profits of the machinery industry, a year-on-year decrease of 3.67 percentage points. The total profit of the non automobile industry was 755.395 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 9.22%, 6.95 percentage points higher than the industry average. Among them, the construction machinery, petrochemical general, general parts, machine tools and internal combustion engine industries achieved double-digit growth. The profit of construction machinery industry increased by 56.27% year-on-year. Robot and intelligent manufacturing, automobile and agricultural machinery industries decreased year on year

fifth, the price index rose slowly, and the economic operation index was lower than that of the same period last year. In november2018, the price index of the machinery industry rose slightly by 0.3% year-on-year. The cost profit margin was 7.1%, down 0.36% year-on-year; The profit margin of main business income was 6.65%, a year-on-year decrease of 0.31 percentage points; The profit margin of total assets was 6.35%, a year-on-year decrease of 0.43%

sixthly, the downturn in fixed asset investment has improved, but it still deserves attention. From January to November 2018, the growth rates of investment in general equipment manufacturing, special equipment manufacturing, automobile manufacturing, electrical machinery and equipment manufacturing in the machinery industry were 9.5%, 16.8%, 3.3% and 13.1% respectively, all higher than the growth rate of investment in the whole society (5.9%) in the same period except for automobile manufacturing

seventh, foreign trade keeps growing, but there is uncertainty. According to customs statistics, from January to November 2018, the export of mechanical equipment reached US $392.085 billion, a year-on-year increase of 13.7%; The export of means of transport reached US $108.391 billion, a year-on-year increase of 13.7%; The export of instruments and meters reached US $65.112 billion, a year-on-year increase of 2%

from January to November 2018, the import of mechanical equipment reached US $186.923 billion, a year-on-year increase of 21.7%; The import of means of transport reached 105.459 billion US dollars, a year-on-year increase of 10.1%; The import of instruments and meters reached US $94.522 billion, an increase of 7 laboratory testing instruments with almost the same functions and parameters year on year 1%。 In the context of the rising Sino US trade frictions, there is still some uncertainty

when talking about problems, experts pointed out that first, the market demand faced by the machinery industry in 2018 is still sluggish, and the growth rate of some products is slowing down. From January to October, the cumulative orders decreased by 2.72% year-on-year, especially in the electrical industry. Second, there is great cost pressure and it is difficult to improve benefits. From January to November, the main business cost of the machinery industry increased by 7.44% year-on-year, higher than the growth rate of the main business income and total profit in the same period. In 2018, the total profit of the machinery industry grew at a low speed, and the profit margin of main business income was 6.65%, 0.31% lower than that of the same period of the previous year; Third, the total amount of accounts receivable is large, the recovery is difficult, and the operation efficiency is reduced. From January to November, the total accounts receivable of the machinery industry reached 4.93 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 8.75%, accounting for 33.56% of the total current assets of the whole industry and one third of the total industrial accounts receivable of the country. The turnover rate of current assets was 1.53%, with a year-on-year decrease of 0.04%, and the average asset liability ratio was 56.4%

judging from the above, the annual growth rate of added value and main business income of the machinery industry in 2018 was about 7%, the profit increased by about 2%, and the import and export trade increased moderately. It is preliminarily estimated that the main indicators of machinery industry in 2019: industrial added value and main business income will be about 6.5%, profit growth will be about 5%, import and export trade will grow moderately, and the difficulty of realization will be greater than that in 2018

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