The Ministry of industry and information technolog

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The Ministry of industry and information technology supports the development of the robot industry to help China become a manufacturing power. The Ministry of industry and information technology issued guidelines to promote the development of the industrial robot industry, and a relatively perfect industrial robot industry system will be formed in 2020

according to the CNR financial review of the voice of economics, the Ministry of industry and information technology station issued the guiding opinions of the Ministry of industry and information technology on promoting the development of industrial robot industry on the evening of the 30th, requiring that by 2020, a relatively perfect industrial robot industry system be formed, and leading enterprises and supporting industrial clusters with international competitiveness should be cultivated; The technological innovation ability and international competitiveness of the industrial robot industry and enterprises have been significantly enhanced, the market share of high-end products has increased to more than 45%, and the number of robots used per 10000 employees has reached more than 100, basically meeting the needs of national defense construction, national economy and social development

due to the gradual disappearance of the demographic dividend, both foreign and domestic are actively deploying the robot industry. Among them, Google, the technology giant, has taken the lead in acquiring eight robot companies in just six months. In fact, it is a secondary problem for robots to save manpower, and the most critical one is the high productivity of robots. The popularity of robots in the future is another industrial revolution. Now the tide is surging and is coming

from a historical point of view, it is time for the tide to return. Computers have four development trends, namely, giant, miniaturization, networking and intellectualization. There is a scientific and technological revolution every 20 years or so. In 1946, the world's first electronic computer was born. After 25 years, in 1971, the world's first microprocessor was successfully developed, creating a new era of microcomputers. After another 23 years, World Wide Web was invented in 1994, and the Internet era has arrived as promised. Now another 20 years have passed, so it can be said that the tide of intelligence is coming. The robot is ready to come out

from a global perspective, robots have actually been widely used in high-end fields, and are striding towards puberty from the embryonic stage. We have seen many transformers automotive robots and flying robots, such as Google's unmanned car has been in operation for five years, and Ford has also successfully developed unmanned cars. There are many kinds of unmanned aerial vehicles in the world. The latest American unmanned aircraft, the x-47b, has been able to land autonomously on an aircraft carrier

robots are not only developed in high-end and sophisticated fields. In fact, now small enterprises have begun to use industrial robots to replace ordinary manpower to connect the upper and lower clamps with universal joints to ensure the concentricity of clamping. This year, the metal workshop of Zhejiang Guangbo group created a robot, called fully automatic folder manufacturing machine, with a production capacity of 30 skilled workers, and the price is only one fifth of that of foreign robots. At present, 70% of the global robot sales are concentrated in five countries, including Japan, China, the United States, South Korea and Germany. China is the second largest robot market in the world, and China's manufacturing industry has accounted for 20% of the world. However, the number of robots is only one fifth of that of Japan and one third of that of the United States and Germany. There is a lot of room for development in the future

40 years ago, when jobs invented the first microcomputer, no one thought it could spread all over our desks and desks at home, and even become intelligent into our pockets. Twenty years ago, when the Internet began to become popular, people didn't expect that today even when they go out and take the bus, they can get on the search route first. What kind of applications robots will have in the future is beyond the imagination of today's people, but it is certain that robots have become the general trend to replace human labor

from Foxconn factory to Canon factory, from Philips' small household appliance production to Apple product production, the participation of robots is getting higher and higher, and the world is entering the era of robots. However, the implementation of the robot program has raised concerns among many employees and the media: will there be a phenomenon of machine substitution and crowding out employees? Some people also said that China's labor cost is low, why use robots, and how robots will replace human labor in the future

Liucheng, a special commentator of the voice of economics and director of the Department of financial engineering of the school of economics and management of Beijing University of science and technology, said that the development of robots will crowd out or replace new labor to a certain extent in the future. Robots are far from being comparable to humans in terms of large-scale production efficiency. Therefore, the development of robots should raise human civilization to a new level of development, and also promote the transfer of workers to the high end. In the future, many low-end and complex labor may be replaced by robots

the Ministry of industry and information technology requires that by 2020, a relatively perfect industrial robot industrial system should be formed, and leading enterprises and supporting industrial clusters with international competitiveness should be cultivated; Why should robot productivity be formed in a short period of 6 years after overcoming the technologies of key components such as servo motor, precision reducer, servo driver, end effector and sensor and forming productivity

Liu Cheng said that it took only six years to reach this standard, which is generally high. Why such a high standard? This is due to competition at home and abroad. With the development of China's economy, the demographic dividend is gradually disappearing, and the labor cost is very high. The United States also proposed that the Reindustrialization stage is to compete with China for the status of the world's manufacturing power. If China wants to become a world power and power, it must make breakthroughs in the field of information automation. This is of great importance to the development of robots, and has played a significant role in improving the quality and productivity of our products and driving the development of relevant society. Therefore, China regards robot productivity as the most important supporting point for the development and adjustment of industrial structure

the Ministry of industry and information technology requires to focus on market demand and choose key fields such as automobiles, ships, electronics, civil explosives, national defense and military industry to break through core technologies

why choose these areas? Liu Cheng said that first, these fields are the most widely used; Second, the greatest demand. For example, in the military industry, the jade rabbit is a robot without using external energy when Chang'e 3 landed on the moon. Living in the wild and complex environment, people can't go, or for safety reasons, it can only be borne by robots

the Ministry of industry and information technology pointed out that the sustainable development of the whole industrial chain of industrial robots should be realized. Vigorously cultivate backbone industrial robot enterprises with international competitiveness and form industrial robot industrial clusters with strong competitiveness. In the future, what difficulties should the robot industry break through to develop large enterprises with international competitiveness such as Lenovo and Huawei

Liu Cheng pointed out that the first difficulty is to strengthen the industrial planning of robot development. At present, China's robot industry has many advanced research and development institutions, and even more than 100 companies. However, most of the research and development between them do not have a good cooperation, are repeated at a low level, and the market operation is not high. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out unified major projects in terms of standards and industrial support through national unified coordination, so as to break through all links of key technologies. Second, we should strengthen the cultivation of the whole industrial chain and improve the influence and share of Chinese independent brands in the market

this time, the requirements of the Ministry of industry and information technology for enterprises also mentioned two capabilities, one is basic innovation capability, and the other is international competitiveness. Liu Cheng said that these two 14, realize the independent operation of the host computer and the microcomputer; This capability is not only the deficiency of our enterprise at present, but also the greatest hope for future development. At present, the development of our overall scientific research capacity is not enough, and our international influence is not enough. We hope that China will strive to develop and form international competitiveness in the future. We can not only become a manufacturing power, but also a manufacturing power, and export our robots to the world

Liu Cheng pointed out that now is the early stage of the new round of industrial revolution, and there is an urgent need for key technological breakthroughs, and robots are a pioneer in leading the future industrial revolution. If China seizes this opportunity and takes the development of Engineering robots as a guide, it can lead China in the development of machinery, electronics, control computers and other disciplines. With electric reset, electric fall and electric lifting devices, it can push China to the forefront of the world

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